Bokeh is the aesthetic quality of the blur produced in the out-of-focus parts of an image produced by a lens. Bokeh has been defined as "the way the lens renders out-of-focus points of light". Differences in lens aberrations and aperture shape cause some lens designs to blur the image in a way that is pleasing to the eye, while others produce blurring that is unpleasant or distracting—"good" and "bad" bokeh, respectively. Bokeh occurs for parts of the scene that lie outside the depth of field. Photographers sometimes deliberately use a shallow focus technique to create images with prominent out-of-focus regions. Boke is a Japanese word meaning 'stupid' or the deliberately stupid partner in a comedy double act. It also means senile or slow. Jisaboke is the Japanese term for Jet lag (time lag boke)
Hamilton based this work on a photograph, appropriated from a newspaper, showing Mick Jagger handcuffed to the art dealer Robert Fraser. The photograph appeared following their appearance in court on drugs charges. Both were convicted.The title plays the term against the judge’s insistence on imposing a swingeing penalty. For many, this occasion typified the moral backlash against the liberalisation of the 1960s
The Ring Of Steel Arnau Oriol
Panopticon A building, as a prison, hospital, library, or the like, so arranged that all parts of the interior are visible from a single point.
Jeremy Bentham’s Panopticon prison idea first came in 1791. The idea went now further: the whole urban space is under surveillance by various CCTV systems.
derelict prison in Cuba built around the ideas of Bentham
Jeremy Bentham's original plans and ideas
Since the IRA bombing campaign in the City of London during the 90’s, the square mile have been surrounded by a cordon of CCTV cameras, known as the Ring of Steel, able to check all the vehicles and pedestrians that are entering and exiting the City.
I started photographing CCTV cameras as a reaction against the fact that I couldn’t relax anymore practising my street photography around the City of London without being constantly questioned by security guys and police officers.